Educating and Energizing the Public on Energy Policy and the Impossibility of Powering America with Wind and Solar

Since the Oil Embargoes of the 1970 and 1980’s the public has been indoctrinated by extremists. Part of the indoctrination was well meaning to force government action on cleaning the air and water of our great country. This goal, has been largely accomplished. However, the extremists have grown in influence to seek more than clean air and clean water, they have morphed into promoters of Socialism and one world government. My previous posts on my Blog have described my thoughts on the demonization of carbon and the war on coal, and how they came to be. This post was primarily written to show my attempt through a two part course on energy and electricity generation to provide an energy information course for the general public. The course was provided as part of the USCB-OLLI program and entitled, “Understanding Net Zero Carbon”. It is posted on LinkedIn. Part 1 and Part 2. Then, as I thought about the misguided indoctrination of the public, I thought it would be helpful to provide some insight as to how such absurd energy policies came to be. Therefore, at the end of this post is a summary of some of how this public indoctrination into “Electrifying Everything with Wind and Solar” evolved. It began as misguided public indoctrination. Now it is the “Green New Deal” passed into law and codified into government policy as part of the so-called “Inflation Reduction Act”. The green policy is based on the premis that, “Everything can be Electrified”. Really? The illustration below shows the traditional sources of 95% of our primary energy. A large part of the public’s misunderstanding about energy is NOT knowing the difference between Primary and Secondary Energy. Many Energy providers do not help with clearing up the public’s confusion. I will provide an example later.

Net Zero Carbon by 2050 and Sustaining Our High Quality of Living is Impossible

The short course I presented at OLLI is my attempt to explain the facts of: “Primary & “Secondary” Energy, Energy Density, Dispatchable Generation, Electricity Storage, Electricity Demand Cycles and production cost increases with increased percentages of wind and solar. The main point: If reduced carbon intensity is really sought after, then the only known and proven source of reliable 24/7 carbon-free Bulk electricity generation is to build many new nuclear plants. The current path of reaching Net-Zero carbon by 2050 using only wind and solar is impossible.

Donn Dears published the book(19), “Clean Energy Crisis” just a couple months ago. In about 100 pages Mr. Dears explains the futility and impossibility of achieving Net Zero carbon by 2050. One excerpt from chapter 8, “Impossibility of Net-Zero Carbon”, expresses the number of new nuclear power plants needed to achieve Net Zero Carbon by 2050: “The total number of new nuclear plants needed to achieve net-zero carbon by 2050 is 881. This requires building thirty-one new nuclear plants, comparable in size to existing units, every year between 2022 and 2050. This in spite of the fact that the United States hasn’t been able to build one new nuclear plant over the last ten years.” Check the latest news update for Georgia Power’s Vogtle Units 3 & 4, the only major 1,100 MW+ new nuclear units under construction in the U.S. at this writing. The loss of nuclear component manufacturing facilities and obtaining a trained workforce of engineers, welders, machine tool operators, electricians and instrument technicians is a topic for another day. Suffice it to say here, The U.S. does not have the facilities and talent to build the components needed to build 31 new nuclear plants each year. Plant Vogtle is struggling to build two.

The current policies of decarbonization favor (and incentivised with tax dollars) wind and solar generation. Getting back to Mr. Dears “Clean Energy Crisis”, he has calculated that by 2050 almost a million wind turbines would need to be installed. To be exact, he calculated 995,141 wind turbines of 2.5 MW each. To achieve this number 35,540 must be installed each year. If they were 5 MW each, it would take 17,770 installations per year. The maximum actually installed in one year to date is 5,680. At this rate it will take 175 years to install the needed wind turbines. An important point I made in my course is that wind and solar are forms of “Intermittent Power Generation” and must be backed up by other forms of Dispatchable generation, such as gas turbines, coal plants or Diesel generators.

Replacement of conventional generation with solar is just as impossible. According to Mr. Dears, “It would take 3,918,996 MW of capacity. The most ever installed in one year is 21,500 MW. Therefore, it would take 182 years to complete”. Like wind power, solar power is intermittent power good for about 6 hours each sunny day. Therefore, energy storage by not yet invented batteries or other storage devices will need to be installed for backup.

Mr. Dears (and mine) Conclusions of the Net-Zero Carbon Transition:

  1. It is impossible for the United States to achieve net-zero carbon by 2050.
  2. CO2 is not a threat to mankind.

Energy Reality

The EIA chart of nuclear generated electricity for the state of S.C. is shown below. Over 54% of S.C. electricity was generated from four nuclear stations within the state in 2022. These plants are very reliable, robust and safe. Most are also very old. Two, Oconee and Robinson began operations in the 1970’s. I know that for a fact, because I was working for Babcock & Wilcox in Barberton, Ohio in 1966 when the Reactors and Steam Generators for Oconee were being manufactured. These outstandingly successful units may receive new operating licenses for another 30 years, but the fact remains, some day new generation will be required to replace the aging units.

I personally had believed that NuScale Nuclear’s “Small Modular Reactors” (SMR’s) would be a large part of future replacements for aging coal and nuclear plants. However, the recent cost escalations do not look very encouraging, based on Donn Dears cost analysis of NuScale’s SMR. (275)

Over 200 slides are included in my course to show the reality of all forms of Primary and Secondary Energy. Energy used by America is used for more than generating electricity. In fact, about 37% of total primary energy is used for generating electricity. The other 63% is for Industrial production, Transportation, residential and commercial, cooking, heating, lighting, entertainment and cooling.

The course includes information on all forms of energy and how it is used to power our lives. I invite you to take a look at it, if you are interested, part 1 and part 2.(2,3)

Confusing the Public

I live in Hilton Head, South Carolina and soon the Heritage Golf Tournament will take place. This is a huge event that draws tens of thousands of Golf fans to this island. The normal peak electric power demand on Hilton Head is between 150 and 250 MW’s and it is provided by Palmetto Electric Co-Op which distributes electricity generated by Santee-Cooper, a state run electric utility. Santee-Cooper has about 5,300 MW of installed capacity and most of this is coal, natural gas and nuclear generation. Santee-Cooper is interconnected with the Duke and Dominion nuclear plants as well as other generation from the Grid. Overall, over 50% of S.C. electricity has been from nuclear power. (Santee-Cooper owns 322 MW of Summer nuclear plant operated by Dominion Energy) Santee-Cooper advertizes that they have about 400 MW (Nameplate) of solar power capacity either owned or under contract. So at first glance the claim of 100% green power to power the island may seem plausible, especially if Palmetto Electric defined nuclear power (they don’t) as being “Green”. Nuclear is the largest form of carbon-free electricity generation in the world. The point not explained regarding solar and wind is that “Nameplate Capacity” is not the same as delivered Dispatchable power. The actual electricity produced in the state through the year 2022 to SC is shown above. 54% nuclear & about 5% solar.

The bill insert from Palmetto Electric Coop, the HHI electricity supplier is copied below. This infers that the island of Hilton Head is powered by wind, solar and landfill gas. If you check the website it shows that most of the green power is from the 29 MW landfill gas units that Santee-Cooper operates. Not solar and ironically, they mention nothing about the importance of carbon free nuclear generation?

The misinformation and resulting misconceptions are nationwide as shown below. The headline refers to installed “CAPACITY” not actual generation. My Part 2, OLLI course(2,3) , slides # 16-20 show the recent actual generation for the U.S. electric Grid by fuels. (about 80% conventional generation)(157)

The actual delivered wind and solar generated electricity cost when metered and billed to the consumer is typically a higher cost/kWh than electricity generated from conventional generation. This is partly because the intermittent solar or wind power needs to be backed up with natural gas, Diesel or other Dispatchable generating capacity. So, the installed cost of solar is only the cost to install solar collectors or wind turbines. In the real world, the cost to the consumer includes the cost of the installation and fuel for backup generation. Another factor regarding intermittent wind and solar is that maintenance costs tend to be very high. Especially for offshore wind turbines. The chart below is from European experiences. The case study of Hawaii Electric which has shut down their one highly successful, clean and reliable coal plant is shown on slide # 48 of part 2 of the OLLI course. Now, dependent on wind, solar and other renewables Hawaii has the highest cost electricity in the U.S.A.. (53, 223 & 224) Mostly because the backup power when the wind isn’t blowing or sun not shining must be made up by Diesel Fuel burned in Internal Combustion engines, gas turbines or oil fueled steam boilers. Diesel fuel in the middle of the Pacific ocean is the most expensive form of primary energy. Diesel fuel is also one of the highest cost forms of primary energy anywhere, second to hydrogen in $/BTU.

Weaponization of the EPA

The Biden Administration is hell-bent on killing coal power generation(29) in America. The latest EPA Rules may in fact kill over a third of the remaining U.S. Coal generation capacity. Many of the power generation facilities that have been depended on as recently as last December 2022, (even now) will likely be shut down in the next year or two. This despite the fact that electricity shortages are expected. We already have had Rolling Blackouts in 2022 due, in part to too many reliable coal and nuclear power plants being shut down without replacing them in kind. Check slide #81 of OLLI course, part 2. This shows the over 102,000 MW of coal generation shut down since 2011. This is from data in the NERC report.(4)

In addition to the concerns of solar and wind being intermittent generation, there is the concern of Grid voltage and frequency stability with increasing generation provided through inverters. (20) The “Spinning Reserve” of thousands of tons of generator rotors from conventional power plants add Grid Stability of voltage and frequency as new power demand is added. Solar and wind power provided through inverters does not provide this dynamic reserve stability.

“Roosters of the Apocalypse” How Junk Science of Global Warming Nearly Bankrupted the Western World(1)

The Heartland Institute published the short book, “Roosters of the Apocalypse” in 2012. Basically it is a story of how “in the spring of 1856, the Xhosa tribe in today’s South Africa destroyed it’s own economy. According to the book, the Xhosa killed an estimated half-million of their own cattle (which they ordinarily treated with great care and respect), ceased planting crops and destroyed their grain stores. By the end of 1857 between thirty and fifty thousand of them had had starved to death. A third of the population. The British herded survivors of the once powerful tribe into labor camps, and white settlers took much of their land.(1)

The Xhosa had acted on the prophecy of a 15 year old girl who promised that if they destroyed all they had and purified themselves of “witchcraft” (including evil inclinations and selfishness), the world before the white invaders came would be restored: The British oppressors would flee, and the Xhosa ancestors would return, bringing with them an even greater abundance of cattle and grain.”

I found a copy of this book which I had purchased in 2012 amongst some other old books. I paged through it and thought “gee whiz, this is very relevant to the absurd actions and Regulations our government is now forcing on us”. The EPA and most of the rest of the U.S. government (Nearly all government Bureaucracies) have been weaponzied.(5) An OpEd opinion writer to the “Wall Street Journal” has written at least one letter with the truthful title: “America is Self Sabotaging the Electric Grid”. Then considering the story of the young girl advising the Xhosa tribe we could say, this is much like the message of Greta Thunberg and non-energy savvy politicians. In current times we have an inexperienced and thoroughly green indoctrinated Greta Thunberg (and along with many energy ignorant politicians) addressing the World Economic Forum as if she (and they) is/are well credentialed Atmospheric Scientist(s) and Greta appears on the cover of Internationally circulated magazines and is Time Magazine’s person of the year in 2019. Greta’s message, “Stop using fossil fuels”.(270) The fossil fuels that power 80%+ of all that we depend on to achieve the high standard of living we have come to enjoy.

Are the free people of the western world as gullible as the people of the Xhosa tribe? It sure looks that way to me. The Net-Zero Carbon Path may be impossible and wrong-headed, but our government sure is hell-bent on following it no matter what the consequences.

How, Why or Who is Responsible for the Absurd Energy Policies and Demonization of Carbon?

The perpetrators of the war on carbon and all conventional fuels for that matter are numerous. In my opinion, it began with the United Nations Agenda 21 and that (later the formation of the UN-IPCC) I believe is the root cause of why and how the “Green” policies have been started in the U.S. and EU. Demonizing conventional forms of energy (carbon and nuclear) and strangling of the Free World’s Energy supplies. I started digging to try to discern how such ludicrous policies could become embraced by most of the leaders of the free western world, some who are otherwise reasonable people believed to be of above average intelligence.

The intent of the following is to show the progression of the U.N. Agenda 21 from the inception in 1992 and how it morphed into being a policy to promote “One World Government” and control over all of the citizens of the Free World and to do this through environmental regulations. Why did the UN choose the environmental route to promote socialism? Because, in my opinion, everyone wants clean water and clean air, so it was a means for the leaders of the U.N. and Socialists to appeal to the free world’s citizens, even if it meant using scare tactics(6). If it sounds like a conspiracy, well please read on. I have provided many references at the end for your further reading and research. I said the scare tactics are aimed at the citizens of the Free Western World. You would think that the Main Stream Media would notice and report that the war on carbon does not apply to China and Russia. These two countries have the most to gain as the OECD countries become weaker.

The largest influencers of U.S. energy policy has been environmental extremist organizations.(250, 251, 252, 253,254, 255) Not engineers or energy savvy organizations. Not even electric Utilities.

The Beginning of Agenda 21 1992-Rio De Janeiro -Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED)

This conference produced three documents: The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (an international treaty), the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (an international treaty), and U.N. Agenda 21, (not a treaty, but a “soft law” or suggestion)

President George H.W. Bush along with 178 other countries signed the agreement, along with 178 other countries. But he refused to sign the U.N. Convention on Biological Diversity because it required transfer of technology without recognition of property rights.

The treaties and the Agenda 21 (soft law) were not ratified by the U.S. Congress. However, parts of it have been incorporated into other laws passed because all members of Congress do not read all of the words that are in Bills. (7)

Nancy Pelosi in 1992 introduced a bill to follow the 1992 Rio Earth Summit to conform to U.N. Agenda 21, its local sustainable community practices, and to follow international law.

The administration of the next President, Bill Clinton initiated the “War on Carbon”. (10) Many prominent members of the Democrat Party have hated coal for a long time, and I have yet to find a reason for their angst against the treasure of energy that America is Blessed with? Clinton’s administration started with appointing environmental activist zealot Carol Browner to the EPA. Between her and some clever and devious lawyers on staff at the EPA they ramped up the Rules on “New Source Review”. This is the point that extreme policies came to my attention. At that point in my life (early 1990’s) I was working as a boiler engineer/consultant and was directly involved in upgrading and improving older coal plants to improve efficiency, reliability, fuel flexibility, reduced NOx emissions and capacity. I learned the hard way that the word “Upgrade” was a trigger word to the EPA. It triggered NSR. Even if it improved efficiency and reduced emissions. The word upgrade in a technical report we wrote or a proposal triggered NSR “New Source Review”(8,9). The concept by the EPA was to eliminate coal plants gradually by forcing an environmental review of an older plant as if it was a new plant being constructed at that time. Because the older coal plants were built before the newer Regulations, NSR was a death sentence to any coal plant faced with NSR. Here are some links to NSR lawsuits. That was the beginning of the war on coal, based on my observations, then the U.S. had a pretty good run of enjoying some of the lowest cost electricity in the world for the next two decades.

Summary and Conclusions

It will not be possible to reach net-Zero Carbon by 2050. It may be possible to help the Chinese Economy and Influence in the world to surpass America’s by restricting, regulating and taxing America’s vast energy resources. Thus, weakening America as the WSJ OpEd title stated, “America is Self Sabotaging Our Electric Grid”. It is not only the electric grid. Remember there is a difference between “Primary and Secondary” energy. Electricity currently utilizes about 37% of America’s “Primary Energy. If everything is electrified (not possible) then the Grid will need much more than the 37 Quadrillion BTUs used currently to generate our electricity. Note the LLNL chart below of total PRIMARY Energy use in the U.S.

My hope is that the American people (and our elected officials) who are not involved in energy or electricity production, will wake up and study the fundamentals of energy and electricity generation. (that was the intent of my OLLI course) I have written to many elected officials. I have had little if any interest by these officials to do anything. Why? I think it is because the environmental extremist organizations have literally Billions of dollars of funding to use in election campaigns against any politician that stands up for Common sense Energy Policies. Check Capital Research Center’s “Influence Watch” website to see some of the enormous resources of funds that the Sierra Club, Environmental Defense Fund, NRDC and others have. Besides being enormously well funded, these are Tax sheltered. Also, the 2012 book, “The New Leviathan”(158) which outlines the funds of extremist non-profit organizations in Appendix X, page 245: $9,310,833,507. That was 2012 and at that time the average annual revenues were $6,454,568. Being 501(c)3 non-profits, they have even greater funding today,(15,16,162) thanks to American Billionaires and some Dark Money. Many of the non-profit leaders have participated in a Revolving Door of high government positions with the EPA and other agencies of the U.S. government. (254)

Also, I have written on my Blog on Influencers of Energy and Environmental Policy. America has not had an energy policy since the presidency of Jimmy Carter. His National Energy Act as older folks will recall, was following Oil Embargoes of the 1970’s and 1980’s.

A couple final thoughts on “Electrify Everything”…..

Itshould be obvious that Energy Independence is a prerequisite for National Security.

Everything cannot be electrified. For example, Plastics, Steel, Cement and Fertilizer. Yes, energy and food production are inextricably linked also.(182)

The bottom line is. America does not have an Energy Policy(159) for an orderly transition to Net-Zero Carbon. My message to my fellow citizens is this: Please wake up(59) and go study the true facts on energy and electricity. If you only check two references, the two I suggest are Vaclav Smil’s book, “How the World Really Works” and take a look at the Finnish GTK presentation, entitled, “Time to Wake up”. (59)

Yours very truly,

Dick Storm, March 18, 2023

When you have some free time, kindly read or at least peruse through the additional resources listed below. Learn about the details of our energy mess and then educate your friends and neighbors to the true facts. Especially your friends that are involved in education. Thank you.

References and Factual Information for Further Reading

  1. Roosters of the Apocalypse by Rael Jean Isaac, published by the Heartland institute, 2012
  2. Dick Storm USCB-OLLI Course, “Understanding Net-Zero Carbon” Part 1.
  3. Dick Storm USCB-OLLI Course, “Understanding Net Zero Carbon”, Part 2.
  4. North American Electric Reliability Corporation report, NERC 2022 State of Reliability Report, July 6, 2022:
  5. Utility Dive, In Spite of SCOTUS Ruling, “EPA Retains Tools to Harm Coal Power Production”, Utility Dive, July 1, 2022:
  6. “The Climate Change Hoax Argument” by C. Paul Smith, 2021
  7. U.N. Agenda 21 by Dr. Ileana Johnson Paugh, ISBN: 978-0615716473
  8. The Right Stuff Climate Team Reports and Videos. Outstanding applications of Science and Common Sense by retired NASA highly credentialed experts:
  9. EPA New Source Review  Settlements Summaries:
  10. EPA Settlements on NSR violations by WEPCO 2003: 
  11. Inside the War on Coal Politico, The Agenda 2015:
  12. NRDC About us and link to IRS 990 Form:
  13. Influence Watch, NRDC page:
  14. Washington Examiner: Gina McCarthy CEO of NRDC:
  15. Wrong Kind of Green, NRDC and Source Watch:
  16. Bezos awards $100 million to NRDC :
  17. Bezos plans to give Billions to Environmental Org’s:
  18. Activist Facts,  Environmental Report (Follow the Money):
  19. Washington Examiner 2013 EPA and Sue and Settle Lawsuits:
  20. Donn Dears book, “Clean Energy Crisis” available on Amazon:
  21. Utility Dive, March 18, 2023. Concern of Grid Stability with increasing power provided through inverters:
  22. Cyrus Brooks Video on Renewables, Outstanding communication in 2 minutes:
  23. World Nuclear News, France to Build more Nuclear Plants:
  24. Capital Research Center on Al Gore’s 30 years of wrong predictions:
  25. Climate Fact Check from Junk Science, March 7, 2023:
  26. CFACT, Ron Stein excellent essay on the importance of Energy, March 2023:
  27. Climate Policies will Cost Germany 960 + Billion and still will not make much difference…..:
  28. WSJ Coal Provides the Fuel Needed for Germany to Keep the Lights on in 2022:
  29. Visual Capitalist Coal in Asia, March 2023:
  30. Daily Caller. Biden’s EPA Rule to Kill Off Coal Plants, March 8, 2023:
  31. 41 Realities on Energy, By Mark Mills:
  32. WSJ EV Sales Jolt, Jan 2023:
  33. CFACT Electricity Prices Soaring where Wind Power is high % of generation:
  34. Daily Skeptic, Feb. 23, 2023, by 30 year Reuter’s veteran Journalist “I Thought CO2 Was Causing Global Warming, I was Wrong”:
  35. Europe’s Industry Crippled by high Energy Costs NYT, Sept. 2022:
  36. Power Engineering article on Hydrogen Hub:
  37. Is Green Energy China’s Trojan Horse? Western Standard by Joseph FOURNIER, OCT. 2022:
  38. China to build 106 GW of new coal plants March 2023:
  39. WUWT Post, ”Gas Generated Electricity is less expensive than Wind”:
  40. Dr. Judith curry, Climate Uncertainty review by WUWT:
  41. WSJ LNG Paths from Texas to France:
  42. Alex Epstein, Talking Points on the Importance of Energy for Human Flourishing:
  43. WUWT Energy and Military Strength, March 3, 2023:
  44. Has Al Gore ever been right on Climate? Capital Research Center, March 2023:
  45. Feasibility of Achieving Net-Zero Carbon by 2050, by Professor Michael Kelly:
  46. NZ/UK Professor Michel Kelly & Bryan Leyland Web page:
  47. Professor Michael Kelly web page:
  48. WUWT Electricity Prices Rising Due to Wind & Solar Installations, Feb. 22, 2023:
  49. Climate Depot website for renewables production costs:
  50. Vogtle Nuclear Plant Update, also info on SCE&G Summer 2&3, Feb. 20, 2023: 
  51. Union of Concerned Scientists Clarification on Nuclear Power, 2018:
  52. “Renewables are cheaper than 99% of coal plants” Utility Dive, Feb. 9, 2023:
  53. Presentation by Nat Bullard on Renewables and total world energy, January 2023:
  54. Electricity Rates in U.S. :
  55. WUWT Climate Activists Celebrate your Utility Bill Pain, Profitability of Protesting Fossil Fuels:
  56. Ron Clutz, “There will be Hell to Pay from Social and IRA Spending Binge:
  57. Power Outage Tracking web sites:
  58. Daniel Yergin on LinkedIn, Energy Transition Confronts Reality, Feb. 14: 
  59. Energy World, Feb. 13 “EU Warns US on A Crisis Mode Overhaul of Energy Market” and Change to Green Energy: 
  60. Finland GTK Time to Wake up Slide Presentation:
  61. Heartland Institute 2015 Summary of Obama Carbon Rules:
  62. CNBC Interview with Liberty Energy CEO, Chris Wright:
  63. Canary Media Electrify Everything, Feb. 6, 2023:–6rlMJjZBNphFujAKeUSOclhM7MDo3MAq3t8u3MAn-Hv5pscN1RZ8R1qq_RNf10dSqng0r9Wbyq214_bxo0U_i_LgE4Bn5CS-Zttgn5ClFXBvgoBU&utm_source=newsletter
  64. Judith Curry Blog, 2016, “Balancing the Grid” :
  65. American Coalition of Clean Coal Energy, 2016 Report on Economics:
  66. WUWT on Use of Academic Studies, Feb 7, 2023, Includes good links to Planning Engineer and Economic consequences of unreliable power:
  67. USGS List of Critical Materials/Metals:
  68. Stanford Univ. Clean Energy Course:
  69. NMA Blog (National Mining Assoc):
  70. Master Resource, Does the Oil Industry Have a Future?:
  71. Capital Research Center Publication, Dec. 2022:
  72. The Critic: “The End of Civilization, 2035” :
  73. New York Post, Get Ready for Lights out and Heat off in 2040:
  74. The Critic: Energy Planning in the UK, a Horror Story:
  75. POWER Magazine, Commentary, America’s Power, Michelle Bloodworth:
  76. Jan 4th Blog, Dick Storm’s Nominations of top 16 Energy Policy Influencers: in a new tab)
  77.  Andy May, Petro-Physicist, Realsitic Energy Use, 2020-2021:
  78. CLINTEL website:
  79.  U.S. IRA Funds Given to China for Green Power, Cowboy News Jan. 2023:
  80. Michigan 800 MW Palisades nuclear Plant possible restart Dec. 2022:
  81. WUWT Milankovitsh Theory Jan 2023:
  82. Nature Magazine on “How to Rescue Biofuels, Dec 2022:  
  83. Dr. Kokel response to Nature article above:
  84. Nuclear Fusion, Reported Delay due to corrosion issues:
  85. Science Matters on the Roots of Environmentalism, Jan 2023:
  86. EIA 2021 Electricity Generation Statistics:
  87.  Bjorn Lomborg Science Direct, Jan. 20233:
  88. TVA Rolling Blackouts report in Tennessean, Jan, 2023:
  89. N.C. Utilities Commission Testimony of Bradford Muller of Charlotte Pipe and Foundry, Blackouts, Christmas 2022:
  90.  Great Plains Institute Warning, Aug 2022 of Blackouts due to insufficient Generation capacity:
  91. MISO Blackout Warning from Riverland Energy:
  92.  E&E News on Blackout warning, August 2022:
  93.  American Experiment Article, in Minnesota discussing Blackout risks, June 2022:
  94.  Net Zero Watch, UK Experience with Wind Farms, January 7, 2023:
  95. World Nuclear Association Info on Nuclear Power Contribution to Reducing Manmade Carbon Dioxide Emissions:
  96. Solar Disappointment in the Southwest, National Review, Jan 4, 2023:
  97. ESG Directive from Biden, reported in Oil & Gas Journal, Jan. 2023:  
  98. CO2 Coalition:
  99. Physicist Wallace Manheimer on CO2, January 2023:  Abstract here:
  100.  Santee Cooper Meeting 4, December 2022 You Tube:
  101. Duke Energy IRP Page:
  102. Duke Energy Carolinas IRP update 2022:
  103. National Mining Assoc.:
  104. E&E News, TVA Bellefonte Nuclear Plant for auction:
  105. E&E News Electric Hummer fueling EV Backlash:
  106. Ron Clutz Post, Before Biden, Trump Accomplishments:
  107. Elements Visualization of sources of Power by Fuel, U.S. & Canada:
  108. Elements Best Commodities of 2022:
  109. China to Build 16 GW POWER Mag: of Solar-Coal-Wind, Jan. 2023:  
  110. Forbes on China Generating Capacity, about 2,390 GW, Feb 2022:
  111. EIA China Energy Facts, 2021 :
  112. IEA China Energy Feb 2022:
  113. Carbon
  114.  World of CO2 new website, Jan. 2023:
  115.  Science Matters by Ron Clutz:
  116. Carbon Footprint by country, World Population Review :
  117. WUWT Weaponizing Alarmism on Climate, Steven Koonin and Jordan Peterson:
  118. Davos 2023, China to Boost Oil Demand by at least 500,000 BBL’s/day:
  119. State of American Energy by API President, Jan. 2023:
  120. State of American Energy Report by API:
  121. Rare Earths from coal:
  122. PA Pundits, Pursuit of the Impossible” Net Zero:
  123. WSJ, Chinese Projects around world are failing, January 19, 2023:
  124.  Jay Lehr Tribute with many references on page, Jan. 21, 2023:
  125.  EPRI Report on Life Assessment of coal power plants:
  126. C. Paul Smith “Closing Argument on the Climate Change Hoax”:
  127.  Grid Down PowerUp:
  128. Global Electricity Prices:
  129.  EMP Commission Reports:
  130.  Energy Dept. Report on Transformers for Grid:
  131. Detailed report on Transformer Manufacturers of world, see pgs 19-23 on suppliers:  
  133.  US Grid Real Time power:
  134. WUWT The Future of Oil :
  135. WUWT The Future of Oil pt 2:
  136. WUWT The Future of Oil Pt #3: 
  137. Master Resource:
  138. National Review, Russians Fund Environmentalists:
  139. German Extremists, Funded by Russia:
  140.  Harvard Misinformation/Study on Fossil Fuels:
  142. Dr. Timothy Ball Paper on the Deliberate Corruption of Science, 2014:‘THE%20DELIBERATE%20CORRUPTION%20OF%20CLIMATE%20SCIENCE%20by%20TIM%20BALL.pdf
  143. Tim Ball, CO2 is not a pollutant 2018:
  144.  Ugly Wind Farms Headed for Magic Valley Idaho, The Federalist, January 26, 2023:
  145.  World Nuclear Assoc. and EPRI Presentations, Dec. 2022:  
  146. Real Clear Energy, “Are you Really against Fossil Fuels?”:  
  147. WUWT Climate Alarmists Greatest Fear, Jan. 29, 2023:
  148. Being Pro-Nuclear isn’t enough, POWER Magazine, Feb. 2023:
  149. Charlie Munger’s Warning on printing too much cash. Interesting and worrisome, Jan. 2023:
  150. Washington Examiner Feb, 2, 2023:
  151. Ken Wilson, P. Eng. Canada, IPCC vs. Facts, CO2 Coalition Feb.. 2023:
  152. CO2 Coalition, Publications, All Excellent:
  153. GWPF UK Study, Where are the Engineers” By Professor Michael Kelly :
  154. GWPF NZ Professor, Michael Kelly:
  155.  Samuel Furfari,  “Hydrogen, an old Idea and still Windy”:
  156. New England Electricity Sources during cold February week:
  157. U.S. Dept of Energy Plan to Net Zero on NPR Feb. 4, 2023:
  158. Dick Storm Blog, “What would it take to Achieve Net-Zero Carbon by 2050”:
  159. “The New Leviathan” 2012 by David Horowitz and Jacob Laskin, ISBN: 978-0-307-71645-3
  160. Dick Storm presentation during Executive Panel Discussion at ENERUM, Columbus, Ohio, August 4th, 2022
  161. “Net-Zero? Never Mind!”….Energy Department Projections show the need for Fossil Fuels through 2050, WSJ, March 2023:
  162. Donn Dears Website on Energy for the U.S.A. books, Looming Energy Crisis & Net Zero Carbon:
  163. Paul Driessen list of Billionaire Climate Activists:
  164. Five Charts to Show the Ineffectiveness of Intermittent Renewables WUWT Oct 2022:
  165. Liberty Energy, Bettering Human Lives Report August 2022:
  166. Competitive Enterprise Institute, Fifty Years of Wrong Predictions, 2019:
  167. EV Charging costs by PC Magazine:
  168. Mark Mills, Prager Univ. Myths of Green Energy, Nov. 2022:
  169. Pee Dee Coal Plant Cancellation, Post & Courier 2009:
  170. 2012 SC Business News Article on SC Coal Plant Closures:
  171. Sierra Club Beyond Coal Website:
  172. :
  173. Post & Courier Newspaper article on Pee Dee Coal Plant opposition, 2008:
  174. New York Times article 2017 on Cancelled Summer Units 2&3:
  175. Facts on EV Charging by EVESCO, Good explanation of electrical Demand for EV Charging:
  176. EIA Electricity Generation Facts, 2021:
  177. CBS YouTube, 2010, Bloom Box. Interesting. Leslie Stahl neglected to ask if the magic fuel cell needed any fuel. Adding more public confusion on energy:,vid:A6DLyruTqHI
  178. China and World Carbon Dioxide emitters Columbia Univ.:
  179. Capital Research Center, The Left’s War on Coal:
  180. Capital Research Center, Nov. Dec. 2021 Issue:
  181. WUWT Blog on Global Fuels Use, July 11, 2021:
  182. Big Green Radicals, 2014  :
  183. IEA Energy and Food Production:
  184. Activist Facts,  Environmental Report (Follow the Money):
  185. Activist Facts, Sierra Club, Beyond Coal, Beyond Gas, Nuclear:
  186. There is No Climate Emergency, Dr. Judith Curry
  187. Dr. Steve Koonin, Is There Really a Climate Emergency?:
  188. How Much Energy Will the World Need, Mark Mills, Prager Univ.:
  189. Dick Storm Blog, Nov. 27, 2022 LinkedIn:
  190. Dick Storm Blog, Short Link: America’s Treasure of Coal:
  191. Alex Epstein, Dec. 2, 2022 Climate Reparations are Immoral:
  192. Klaus Swab Report:
  193. ASME-World Nuclear Status Report July 2022:
  194. Dick Storm, LinkedIn Post Dec. 3, 2022:
  195. Daily Signal, Biden Energy Policies are Hitting Americans Wallets, Dec. 1, 2022:
  196. MSN article on Coal Power, Dec. 2022:
  197. NMA (National Mining Assoc) Website:
  198. WESCOM Link to Dick Storm Bio and Presentations Oct. 2022:
  199. Visual Capitalist on Energy Prices, Dec. 2022:
  200. Tim Ball, Corruption of Science, 2014:‘THE%20DELIBERATE%20CORRUPTION%20OF%20CLIMATE%20SCIENCE%20by%20TIM%20BALL.pdf
  201. Nuclear Plant Shut Downs:
  202. Deaths from Natural Disasters, GapMinder:
  203. WUWT Mirage of EV’s:
  204. Physics Chart of Atmospheric Gases from Geologic time:
  205. New UK Coal Mine, 2022:
  206. UN Council of Foreign Relations, Iraq, UN Report, “Oil for Food”:
  207. Dept. of Energy Summary of 45Q Tax Credits for Carbon Capture:
  208. Terry Etam article, “Attention Poor People, Step Away from Using Fossil Fuels, it is not for you, Stop Using it Anyway!”, December 12, 2022, Excellent read with good references:
  210. No, We Can Not Electrify Everything, Capital Research, Dec 2021:
  211. Tim Ball, CO2 is not a pollutant 2018:
  213. NERC Dec. 2022 Reliability Report.:
  214. EPRI-Net Zero Report Sept 2022:
  215. Hillsdale College, article on the “Great Reset”, Dec. 2021 by Michael Rectenwald:
  216. UN Sustainable Development 2030 Agenda Document:
  217. WSJ Dec 31, 2022 Europe on Blackout Watch:
  218. WUWT Cognitive Dissonance of Climate Change, Discussion:
  219. Finland Geological Survey Reports:
  220. WUWT, “Here is the Math on Energy Sources”, :
  221. EIA Renewable Electricity for US in 2022:
  222. Cyrus Brooks video on renewables, March 2023:
  223. WUWT There is No Energy Transition, only energy addition, March 12, 2023:
  224. Hawaii Energy by NPR:
  225. Civil Beat article on skyrocketing electric bills:
  226. Uranium deposits within the U.S.A. USGS :
  227. Forbes, We have Plenty of Uranium in the U.S. and Canada to fuel our Reactors, 2017:
  228. The Magic Washing Machine, Hans Rosling:
  229. Congressional Reference Reports, June 2021, Nuclear Plant Shut Downs:
  230. Vaclav Smil, Interview with New York Times on his book, “The Way the World Works” April 2022:
  231. EIA Coal to Nuclear Report, Sept. 2022:
  232. Rockefeller Foundation, SCSP, Sept. 2022:
  233. Bloomberg, China to Build 150 new nuclear plants, valued about $440 Billion. November 2021:
  234. Germany producing 30% electricity from coal, Business Insider Sept 8, 2022:
  235. Duke’s Largest GTCC Plant in NC Sept 2022:
  236. Cooler Heads, Sept 9, 2022:
  237. WSJ Climate Crisis, Sept. 9th, 2022:
  238. NASA “Right Stuff Team” :
  239. Video:
  240. Professor Furfari article Sept. 2022, Hopeless European Green new Deal:
  241. Russia and Putin Recent History of Economy and Details of Putin’s Rise as well as Russia’s improving economic gains since Putin took office in 1999, Algora Publiching:
  242. EIA Report on Utilities Changing from Coal to Gas Fuel, August 2022:
  243. Dr. Nicolas Kokel 2022 Energy Report:
  244. Gas Turbine World Numbers on Hydrogen just do not add up, Aug. 18, 2022. An excellent essay showing the uneconomic costs of green hydrogen:
  245. Dr. Furfari Hydrogen article:
  246. Breakthrough Institute on How Friends of the Earth and Renewables Company Hoodwinked California Legislature in closing Diablo Canyon Nuclear Plant:
  247. Nuclear Fuel Costs, 2021 by NEI:
  248. Liberty Energy, Bettering Human Lives, ESG Report 2022:
  249. Statistical Review 2021 (released (July 2022):
  250.  Germany’s Nuclear Power Implosion July 2022:
  251. Influence watch, Sierra Club:
  252. The Intercept, Green Terrorism:
  253. Washington Examiner: Gina McCarthy CEO of NRDC:
  254. Senator Shelly Moore Capito, OpEd in WVA Intelligencer Newspaper on the Revolving Door of Extremist to a high position at the EPA:
  255. 114th Congress Report on Obama Carbon Policies and Revolving Door of Influence of Green Groups:
  256. Heartland Institute Summary as of 2015 of Obama Administration War on Carbon:  
  257. WUWT Feb. 19, 2023, Check the Facts on Sea Level Rise and Global Warming:
  258. Dick Storm Blog post on “A Glimpse into the Future of the Green New Deal, Take a Look at Hawaii”:
  259. Ron Clutz “Science Matters”, website and his take on green Energy:
  260. Dr. Roy Spencer Website on Atmospheric Science
  261. Slavery and Child Labor at the Core of Elites’ Green Energy Obsession, by H. Sterling Burnett,
  262. American Suppression of Fossil Fuels Courts a National Security Disaster, By Ronald Stein P.E.
  263. LNG Potential, By Donn Dears,
  264. WSJ The Real Price of Wind and Solar, Renewables Cost More:
  265. World’s Climate Scientists Told to Cover Up the Fact the world has not warmed in 15 years, Daily Mail, UK:
  266. WUWT March 20th, 2023, UN- IPCC Climate Warming Report:
  267. TED Talk Nuclear Power Is Our Best Hope to Ditch Fossil Fuels | Isabelle Boemeke on the need for more nuclear power. I do not agree with her bashing fossil fuels, but her promotion of nuclearis correct and well done with class and a little humor:
  268. WUWT March 20th, 2023, UN- IPCC Climate Warming Report:
  269. Ed Ireland SubStack on Gas Pipelines, March 21, 2023:
  270. Texas Grid Stability example, this has an excellent post of power quality decline as the frequency declines on loss of sufficient Bulk Power Supply to the Texas Grid:
  271. Science Matters, by Ron Clutz, March 2023:
  272. “The Greens are having a Coyote moment” Steven E. Koonin (Interview):
  273. Dr. Judith Curry Climate Etc. Website. Dr. Curry is a well credentialed Scientist:
  274. Dr. Richard Lindzen, MIT Atmosperic Scientist on AU, Sky News, Bolt Report:
  275. CO2 Coalition Response to the National Science Teachers Association Policy on Teaching “Climate Change”, March 24, 2023:
  276. Donn Dears cost analyses update for NuScale Nuclear SMR Plants, March 24, 2023:

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